An Emperor’s Moment | Unconscious Bias or Status Quo?

bias

Have You Experienced An Emperor’s Moment?

| TAQO on The Unconscious Biased Status Quo?

You know, one of those moments when you take a step-back and notice the mayhem that can be caused through the use of just a few simple words, sentences, thoughts or ideas.

Seemingly, humans enjoy using moments like this as an opportunity for a good sulk and cry of despair over something that only exist hypothetically.

….and then you realise how influence can easily control the outcome of important decision-making. Just like small marbles on a tray; wherever you tilt the tray, the marbles roll towards the tilt.

A Subjective Social Reality and Self-Deception?

Regardless of whether the proposed ‘reality’ is true or false. This thinking can actually be useful for setting short and long-term goals as well as motivation. However,  if an idea is harmful yet satisfies the world view or social reality of an individual, that individual is more than likely to embrace the idea and make it their truth.

Allow me to elaborate using the old fairy tale; The Emperor’s New Clothes by Hans Christian Andersen, which wittingly demonstrates just how this phenomenon soaks its way into society, and at many different levels too. In the case of the Emperor, it is his vanity and admiration for material things that allows him to be the victim of a blatant hoax.

The Story of The Emperor and His New Clothes – Just to recap.

The gist of the story tells of a vain Emperor who is hoodwinked by two weavers that pretend to make an outfit from fabric invisible to anyone unfit or dare I say – too stupid to appreciate the beautiful tailoring that has gone into making such fine garments.

Of course nobody wants to be known as stupid, or upset the Emperor. And so everyone plays along, including the Emperor’s trusted ministers, as he parades naked through the town… Yes, naked!

It is not until an innocent young boy points out; “ Hey, the Emperor has no clothes on!”. It’s only then that the charade is exposed, leaving the Emperor highly embarrassed.

Now, whilst in reality the chances of something exactly like this happening is highly improbable, comparative situations do occur none-the-less. And especially where selling an idea, lifestyle, trend or belief is introduced to the general public.

Decision-making by measuring.

It would seem natural to infer that whatever is most popular, is also likely to be the safest option. This is why so many individuals and businesses seek popularity in the form of social media followers. Generally, this is a quick means of consolidating or making a semi-informed decision. The attitude here is one of; If everyone else agrees – then it must be right!

The ‘belief’ in ‘something’ allows that ‘something’ to exist.

When not adequately informed of a given topic it is natural that humans fill-in the gaps with their own expectations and assumptions. Alongside experience, influences and intentions, these assumptions will accommodate the different world view an individual has.

The belief in ‘some thing’ can be temporary or long term. Just as how, due to pride and not wanting to be deemed as uninformed or stupid. The emperor convinced himself into believing something that didn’t truly exist.

Which goes to show that it is not only the lack of knowledge that may contribute towards why some people will go along with something that is false. Politics, religion, science, philosophy, sociology are all subjects that affect or relate to modern lives. They all present such cases where ideas and thoughts are embraced, with the missing pieces replaced and customised to fit each and every individual.

How mere thought or ideas manifest as reality.

The idea of man being able to fly probably sounded ridiculous before flying machines were invented. However, it is what so many describe as thinking outside the box that result in the making of new ideas; Rather than make an actual man fly, why not make a machine in which a man can fly.

In this same way, individuals are highly capable of generating new concepts or stories around almost any situation that may arise.

The reality of a despot.

Presuming this is one of those “100 years in a dungeon for insolence” fairy tales, then I reckon the emperors ministers would have to be incredibly diplomatic or play it safe by playing along.

But let’s imagine one of the emperors ministers had told him from the start that his new clothing was not real. With his arrogance superseding his intelligence and in a rather despotic fashion. The emperor may have responded with a claim that the minister was stupid and not worthy.

On the other hand the emperor may have come to his senses and realised indeed the two weavers were attempting to fool him. In which case he could have got them to wear the new clothing themselves.

The backfire effect is a curious response many people have to evidence conflicting with their beliefs: instead of becoming open to the possibility that the evidence might be correct and one might have to change one’s mind, many people become more convinced that they were right in the first place.

– Robert Carroll

backfire effect coined by Brendan Nyhan and Jason Reifler

 


Image: Pixabay


A Matter of Truth

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What is ‘truth’ and do you have any?

Have you ever stopped to think that almost everything YOU know is second-hand information, something that YOU was not physically present to experience for YOURSELF. In which case, wouldn’t you agree that deciphering any form of truth can be quite a challenging prospect, and especially with misinterpretations and other contaminates combined.

This gives rise to what may be described as ‘points of view’, rather than ‘truth’. So, tell me now, how much ‘truth’ do YOU really know?

If I were to tell you the Earth was flat for example… Would you doubt me? Even though it is very likely YOU have never seen the earth from a far enough distance to tell for yourself.

Is this where trust overrides truth? Where you hope that the integrity of the things you have learnt in class, the news you’ve read in the local paper, and the other influential things in life can be upheld.

So then – what is ‘trust’?

Trust is more than just the fuel that gives people the confidence in something. It fosters belief…one of the many instigators that stand between an individual and ‘truth’.

Is ‘truth’ different for everyone?

What may be true for one person can be very untrue for someone else. As their differing surroundings, location, and other factors influence their mindset. Tradition, culture, religion, education, and interests are of course amongst the many other influential factors.

So is there an ultimate truth? A truth that cannot be tainted by varying perspectives or ‘points of view’. Well, if we can find something that all humans commonly, and undeniably, know to be true or truth, at least we can then say we have examples of ultimate truth, or maybe that should be ‘absolute truth…’

Truth is something that can be proven to be true time after time again.

So, is there really such thing as ‘truth’?

Anyway, you would think that an ‘absolute truth…’ would be something that is constant or fixed and cannot be questioned, or manifest in doubt. But what I feel is that truth is something that dances between what is known, when that somethings is known and by whom it is known. Which then has me thinking; can truth exist without anyone experiencing it.

Now, quotes make handy tools for expressing fuzzy points like this. And here’s one that might sums up ‘truth’ in a few words:

“There are three sides to every story: your side, my side,
and the truth. And no-one is lying.”

-Robert Evans

From the quote you can imagine truth as being a separate entity. And as other entities, you have points of view, plus the possibility of contaminates,  each combatting for a relationship with truth. But the very fact a relationship may be forged makes that truth something different…

TAQO SAYS: True to Who?

Truth on it’s own, is what it is….Constant, absolute and wholesome…
But, often impossible to find from where YOU are standing.

Okay, so with that, how do you position yourself, in order to receive truth. Is it a case of allowing yourself to be vulnerable and selectively picking things that seem relevant to your aim? I say vulnerable, because you may need to open your defenses and allow information to influence you in some way to discover truth. That information may or not be true. But again, true to who? After all, how does truth reach YOU in the first place?

How does ‘truth’ spread?

Sounds a simple enough question to answer. However, this question also answers how rumours, myths and lies spread.

Tell me, were YOU anticipating a conclusion perhaps a little more dynamic, or even metaphysical? Maybe you have a little ‘truth’ knowledge under your belt that you’d like to interject. Now, that would be appreciated – true!

What are YOUR ideas of truth?

…please share your thoughts below.

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The New York Times bestselling author of Predictably Irrational and The Upside of Irrationality returns with thought-provoking work to challenge our preconceptions about dishonesty and urge us to take an honest look at ourselves. Does the chance of getting caught affect how likely we are to cheat? How do companies pave the way for dishonesty? Does collaboration make us more honest or less so? Does religion improve our honesty?Most of us think of ourselves as honest, but, in fact, we all cheat. From Washington to Wall Street, the classroom to the workplace, unethical behavior is everywhere. None of us is immune, whether it's the white lie to head off trouble or padding our expense reports. In The (Honest) Truth About Dishonesty, award-winning, bestselling author Dan Ariely turns his unique insight and innovative research to the question of dishonesty.Generally, we assume that cheating, like most other decisions, is based on a rational cost-benefit analysis. But Ariely argues, and then demonstrates, that it's actually the irrational forces that we don't take into account that often determine whether we behave ethically or not. For every Enron or political bribe, there are countless puffed resumes, hidden commissions, and knockoff purses. In The (Honest) Truth About Dishonesty, Ariely shows why some things are easier to lie about; how getting caught matters less than we think; and how business practices pave the way for unethical behavior, both intentionally and unintentionally. Ariely explores how unethical behavior works in the personal, professional, and political worlds, and how it affects all of us, even as we think of ourselves as having high moral standards.But all is not lost. Ariely also identifies what keeps us honest, pointing the way for achieving higher ethics in our everyday lives. With compelling personal and academic findings, The (Honest) Truth About Dishonesty will change the way we see ourselves, our actions, and others."



Material Wealth and Interest.

copper-kettle

Mammon, Mortgage, Banks and Interest…

Stripping way back to the basic ‘true essentials’ for survival. Humans need to eat, drink and maintain a suitable living environment. The basic and ‘true essentials’ in order to survive is not the need for gold and silver or other items that have emerged alongside the development of today’s modern world.

However, in the name of, let’s say; practicality, money was gradually introduced. At first, not in the same form or forms that we now know. None-the-less, it is likely to have started as a means of, say perhaps neighbors, denoting a value to an item as a way of negotiating an exchange of goods…well maybe.



So, when did the ‘Interest’ start?

After all, for hundred of years interest was illegal, even within the Christian faith. So what happened?

… And what has a copper kettle have to do with Banks, Material Wealth and Interest…[Read on]

TAQO JOKES that; The interest came about when the idea of leveraging free money was realised.

Anyway, whilst interest does have some useful benefits in the modern world, by and large many people do not like the idea of ‘interest’. Especially when on the receiving end of a debt with interest on top. What do you think, is the use of interest often overly disproportionate in terms of the value? or is it normally fair?

You see, Banks thrive on the huge and sometimes extortionate interests rates they are said to often charge. Unlike the interest a customer would receive on their savings. Clearly the whole point of the modern banking system is tailored towards making huge profits. In a way you could say that interest is a means of making money out of nothing.

But what happens when you take away the ‘interest’ ? How would the Banks survive?

Well that’s easy you can use the method known in the Islamic world as Ijarah. Which simply implies a Sharia compliant rental or loan of an asset. After listening to Episode 701: A Bank Without Interest, you’ll soon get an idea for yourself just how practical, or not, the practice of not charging interest is.

Plus you’ll learn the significance of the copper kettle used as the featured image for this article…

 



 

What Makes Us Think, What We Think, When We Think?

whatmakeusthinkwhatwethink-8

What is Thinking?

Is thought or thinking strictly a response to our immediate environment or a situation triggered not only by visible or tangible factors, but also intangible ones?

Put Simply; What Makes Us Think, What We Think, When We Think?

 ‘Thinking’ consciously is often triggered as a response to the environment, the task at hand or situation you are in and can be thought of as the processing of a huge ‘Snowball’ of collected or rather absorbed data. This data arranges itself in an orderly manner which then surfaces the forefront of our consciousness over a period of time, or on demand.

A ‘thought’ itself is intangible and unique for every individual, although it may manifest in common or habitual actions, or other physical formats.

all-action-thoughts

There are different types or layers of thinking.

Some thinking can be commonly recognised as an internal conversation that takes place within your ‘mind’. Whilst there is also that quick instinctual type of thinking that takes place in a split second during those crucial, life-saving moments.

Besides these there is also the thinking that is influenced by dreams, beliefs or ideology and even mood…

wasnt for mood-7

What is Mood?

Mood acts as a label for denoting our different emotions. Mood is a ‘state-of-mind’ that is perhaps more important than we all realise – but no! – I think we do realise.

However we cannot always control the things around us that affect our mood and therefore our emotions. Hence the reason why we sometimes lose control of our thinking. You will often hear people describing moments like this with sentences such as;

“…and I lost my mind” or,

“ …and I just went crazy”.

If ‘Mood’ Swings, ‘Thoughts’ Dance.
We can switch from one mood to another more or less instantaneously. Which can often appear irrational and seems to be at its most evident when an individual is intoxicated or ‘hyped-up’ in some way. This may even happen due the chemical changes that occur during pregnancy.

We can clearly say that our thoughts and mood work hand-in-hand. Whilst our mood is a‘state-of-mind’ that can be evoked by our interpretation of whatever we are thinking.

Mood is indeed a ‘state-of-mind’ which can be felt in isolation or amongst many people at the same time and can be evoked through props such as ‘setting’ , ‘color’ or even the ‘tone’ of a message or story.

So for example, a person in a good mood after receiving an award, may have favorable thoughts for the future. Whilst another person having just received a ‘life sentence’ for a crime they didn’t commit, will have less favourable thoughts for their future, and therefore will be in a bad mood.

That’s an obvious example, however it demonstrates clearly what the expected moods of each of the two people described in the example will be.

So, what makes us think, what we think, when we think?

From the above we can conclude that we are constantly in the process of thinking. However, only conscious of our thinking when a thought is required for immediate or upcoming action . And depending on the current mood will determine the first and most immediate response to any given situation. However, an initial mood, or thought, may not necessarily determine the final and definitive action taken in a given situation.

think-2

Food for Thought…

Is state-of-mind the Determining Factor of Ours Actions? The simple answer to that must be a resounding YES. Especially as we are aware that our sometimes uncontrollable mood will have us do both extraordinarily positive things as well as negative things. Our actions are ultimately the most important factor concerning our thoughts – our thoughts produce action. And without ‘thought’ our actions would appear to have an unintentional purpose.

Please share your thoughts in the ‘Leave a Reply’ box below…


The following are two recommended books on the subject of ‘thinking’ you may find interesting:

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Thinking Statistically The new, pocket edition of "Thinking Statistically" includes all the material from the Kindle original plus innovative new segments giving graphical representations of statistical concepts. Thinking Statistically is the book that shows you how to think like a statistician, without worrying about formal statistical techniques. Along the way we learn how selection bias can explain why your boss does... Full description


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Run Hackney 2015 | Cause

Run_Hackney_2015_0207800x

Humans tend to use what might be described as an extensive form of symbolic gesturing in the sense that they perform acts to encourage goodwill. Sponsored marathons, where thousands sign up for the challenge of completing a strenuous run in exchange for money to be donated towards helping a charity or cause. [TAQO]

Run Hackney Marathon
© www.realbigenvelope.com

Run Hackney Marathon

Organised by GO2, the second half marathon held in Hackney took place on Sunday 10 May 2015.

The 13.1 mile race attracted over 13,000 runners of all ages and abilities. This included the 1000 plus school children that participated in the slightly separate; Vitality Run Hackney Schools Challenge.

 

Run_Hackney_2015_0186_envelope
2015© www.realbigenvelope.com | Run Hackney 2015

Of the many exhausted participants, mostly raising money for charity Mathew Kimutai was the first to cross the finish line in 1:03:21, followed by Sammy Nakoye and Anuradha Cooray.

Run_Hackney_2015_0191 envelope-view

The early morning atmosphere was as lively as it probably would have been during the afternoon, with a mixture of people showing support – There was even; located on the paving that separated the main road, outside of the Hackney Town Hall, what appeared to  be a small band of musicians.

It was interesting to watch how the event mustered such a ‘togetherness’  and community spirit.  These ‘symbolic gestures’ go a long way…

Register at: www.runhackney.com

 


Zopa Social Lending: Peer to Peer Loans

Homelessness | Society

real big homeless

 

The signs are all around – but often go unnoticed. Humans have a tendency to be selective, especially with regards to what they see…

This is someones home

This is outside the St.John at Hackney Parish Church located in London, United Kingdom. To date this church has served for over 700 years.  The image above is a side-view photograph of the building… Yes, as the items in the photo suggests – someone does live here.

Yes, even in the developed parts of the world there are scenes that quietly depict globally shared stories of homelessness.

StJohns-Chrurch-Hackney0112

Who is to blame for this – the person that allows him or herself to fall into such circumstance? Or is it society, for not providing the adequate support and facilities? One main reason for this, frequently expressed, is addiction.

But maybe the real reason lies deeper than just the addiction…maybe the focus should be more about why the addiction has come about in the first place.


 

Books

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The football star made famous in the hit film (and book) The Blind Side reflects on how far he has come from the circumstances of his youth. Michael Oher shares his personal account of his story, in this inspirational New York Times bestseller.

Looking back on how he went from being a homeless child in Memphis to playing in the NFL, Michael talks about the goals he had to break out of the cycle of poverty, addiction, and hopelessness that trapped his family. Eventually he grasped onto football as his ticket out and worked hard to make his dream into a reality. With his adoptive family, the Touhys, and other influential people in mind, he describes the absolute necessity of seeking out positive role models and good friends who share the same values to achieve one's dreams. Sharing untold stories of heartache, determination, courage, and love, I Beat the Odds is an incredibly rousing tale of one young man's quest to achieve the American dream.


Rating:  (7 customer reviews)
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In their compelling examination of what it means to be truly at home on the street, Jason Wasserman and Jeffrey Clair argue that programs and policies addressing homeless people too often serve only to alienate them. Wasserman and Clair delve into the complex realities of homelessness to paint a gripping picture of individuals - not cases or pathologies - living on the street and of their strategies for daily survival. By exploring the private spaces that those who are homeless create for themselves, as well as their prevailing social mores, the authors explain how well-intentioned policies and programs often only widen the gap between the indigent and mainstream society. The result is an unvarnished look at the culture of long-term homelessness and a fresh approach to reaching this resurgent population. In their compelling examination of what it means to be truly at home on the street, the authors argue that programs and policies designed to assist homeless people too often serve only to alienate them.


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Research proves that the Housing First approach is more effective than traditional models at dramatically reducing homelessness among those with mental health and substance use disorders. This step-by-step manual provides a solid foundation for introducing the evidence-based Housing First approach--provide housing first, followed by supportive treatment services--into new locations, and evolving existing programs into those based on the ideals of the Pathways Model to End Homelessness. It guides you in structuring policies and programs that respect and respond to the voices of men, women, and families in your community, and provides easy-to-follow tools and tips for implementation. Housing First details: 1. Solid, actionable information about the program's philosophy, operations, and administration 2. The composition, staffing structures, and day-to-day operations of the clinical and support services 3. Practices in client assessment and engagement 4. Property management operations 5. The best protocols for assisting clients with the search for housing, relationships with landlords, and the overall "settling in" process 6. The research evidence for the effectiveness of the Pathways model This manual does not include the DVD. To order the version that includes both the manual and the DVD, please see the related items.


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Inside the lives of homeless teens--moving stories of pain and hope from Covenant HouseAlmost Home tells the stories of six remarkable young people from across the United States and Canada as they confront life alone on the streets. Each eventually finds his or her way to Covenant House, the largest charity serving homeless and runaway youth in North America. From the son of a crack addict who fights his own descent into drug addiction to a teen mother reaching for a new life, their stories veer between devastating and inspiring as they each struggle to find a place called home.
Includes a foreword by Newark Mayor Cory Booker Shares the personal stories of six homeless youths grappling with issues such as drug addiction, family violence, prostitution, rejection based on sexual orientation, teen parenthood, and aging out of foster care into a future with limited skills and no support systemGives voice to the estimated 1.6 million young people in the United States and Canada who run away or are kicked out of their homes each yearIncludes striking photographs, stories of firsthand experiences mentoring and working with homeless and troubled youth, and practical suggestions on how to get involvedDiscusses the root causes of homelessness among young people, and policy recommendations to address themProvides action steps readers can take to fight youth homelessness and assist individual homeless young peopleWritten by Kevin Ryan, president of Covenant House, and Pulitzer Prize winner and former New York Times writer Tina KelleyInviting us to get to know homeless teens as more than an accumulation of statistics and societal issues, this book gives a human face to a huge but largely invisible problem and offers practical insights into how to prevent homelessness and help homeless youth move to a hopeful future. For instance, one kid in the book goes on to become a college football player and counselor to at-risk adolescents and another becomes a state kickboxing champion. All the stories inspire us with victories of the human spirit, large and small. A portion of the proceeds from the sale of each book will help support kids who benefit from Covenant House's shelter and outreach services.


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MIND ESTRANGED tells the story of Bethany's life, from her years as a promising university student through her gradual descent into schizophrenia, and unexpected, full recovery. While slowly losing her sanity, she traveled the world. She returned to the U.S. unable to work or study--and soon found herself homeless, delusional, and controlled by voices that talked to her and gave her orders in her mind.

Bethany's memoir enables the reader to enter into the mind of a person with schizophrenia, homeless and roaming the streets. While living in the shadows of society, her illness drove her to refuse all contact with her family and friends, and eventually led to her arrest and hospitalization. Against all odds, she recovered from schizophrenia, returned to college, and graduated with honors.

Henry A. Nasrallah, MD, a professor of psychiatry who treated Bethany, writes, "Bethany is living proof that recovery from schizophrenia is possible with good medical care, solid family support and the courage to keep fighting the tormenting voices that ordered her every move and controlled her every thought. MIND ESTRANGED is also a powerful message of encouragement and support for any human being facing an overwhelming challenge at some point in life."

MIND ESTRANGED is the companion book to FLIGHT FROM REASON: A Mother's Story of Schizophrenia, Recovery and Hope, by Karen S. Yeiser. FLIGHT FROM REASON parallels the timeline of MIND ESTRANGED.


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"Left Out in America" is a powerful look at what it means to be homeless in the United States. In her first, highly anticipated book, accomplished broadcaster and journalist, Pat LaMarche has documented a piece of American life like no one else has. Having slept in 14 homeless shelters throughout the country over a two week period, and recording her experiences in a journal, LaMarche has captured the condition of this current humanitarian crisis and brought it sharply into focus.


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Nels Anderson was a pioneer in the study of the homeless. In the early 1920s Anderson combined his own experience "on the bummery," with his keen sociological insight to give voice to a largely ignored underclass. He remains an extraordinary and underrated figure in the history of American sociology.

On Hobos and Homelessness includes Anderson's rich and vibrant ethnographic work of a world of homeless men. He conducted his study on Madison street in Chicago, and we come to intimately know this portion of the 1920s hobo underworld—the harshness of vagrant life and the adventures of young hobos who come to the big city. This selection also includes Anderson's later work on the juvenile and the tramp, the unattached migrant, and the family. Like John Steinbeck's Depression-era observations, Anderson's writings express the memory of those who do not seem entitled to have memory, whose lives were expressed in temporary labor.


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The most accurate and comprehensive picture of homelessness to date, this study offers a powerful explanation of its causes, proposes short- and long-term solutions, and documents the striking contrasts between the homeless of the 1950s and 1960s and the contemporary homeless population, which is younger and contains more women, children, and blacks.


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This book goes far beyond covering the subject of homelessness as the social problem we all recognize in our cities. Mass emigrations, displaced families, and human alienation from the earth all mark our times. In critiquing contemporary North American culture, Steven Bouma-Prediger and Brian Walsh discuss various forms of homelessness -- socioeconomic, ecological, and psycho-spiritual -- and creatively show how biblical attentiveness and Christian faith can heal the profound dislocations in our society.

Ending each of their chapters with a moving biblical meditation, the authors also interact throughout with characters and themes from current literature and popular culture -- from Salman Rushdie to Barbara Kingsolver, from the Wizard of Oz to Bruce Cockburn.



 

Why Are Legal Highs Legal? | Drugs

WHY DRUGS

What Makes One Drug Legal And Another, Not So Legal?


laughing gas youths

..there was some kinda new trend….and so almost everywhere I passed I would find these small, silver coloured containers. My first guess was that they involved something intoxicating. Maybe a special alcoholic concoction? 

I soon learnt that the containers carried ‘laughing gas’.

Is this really how sad our youths are today have become?

Now laughs aside…

Used for Recreational Purposes – What are ‘legal highs’ ?

In a nutshell, legal highs generally refer to chemical substances that produce similar effects to illegal drugs, incidentally, at the time of writing, I am just being informed that legal highs are not currently observed by the 1971 Misuse of Drugs Act. Which overall allows untested drugs to be purchased legally.

Legal highs openly carry brand names associated in some way to intentionally emulate known illegal drugs in their marketing promotions.

It is therefore highly questionable (…oops – I did it again!), that knowing legal highs are LEGALLY AVAILABLE DRUGS that are known to cause a high rate of deaths, compared to users of drugs that are NOT LEGALLY AVAILABLE.

SPICE-USMC-100201-M-3762C-001
By English: Lance Cpl. Damany S. Coleman [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

– Now that does not sound logical or at least the intended effect –  does it?

Familiar brand names that circulate the realms of  legal high users, are the terms Spice’ and  K2 , both ‘legal’ substances used to describe synthetic cannabis. These designer drugs attempt to mimic the effects of cannabis, however do not contain the chemicals which would otherwise make them unlawful.

So easily accessible, at one level along the chain involved in the process of supplying legal highs; buying the basic manufacturing substances can be a simple transaction that takes place under the impersonation of the buyer purchasing for domestic chemical research use. Which subsequently leads to untested substances finding a way into the public domain and sold legally.

So, Who Made ‘Legal Highs’ Legal?

The thing that allures me regarding the whole human furor over what is known as ‘legal highs’ , is that as far back as i can recall I had never encountered the term legal highs being used, at least not to the point of even being noticed. Journeys through primary education , secondary and further education, right through to nights and mornings overlooking the Ministry of Sound and the ‘boat crew’ that ensued at the Embankment, London UK, on a Sunday Morning.

Now suddenly, out of nowhere there is a whole new craze about ‘legal highs’.

The other day whilst in Brixton UK, a noticeable number of silver coloured miniature bottles, immediately a recollection of having seen a similar image whilst strolling through a park in Hackney.

This must be some kind of new drink – were the thoughts, Imaging the bottles contained an energy ‘blah blah’.

However, the decision to still enquire further lead to the understanding that the bottles contained laughing gas.  Flabbergasted to learn that not only were humans, young teens, taking nitrous oxide for a ‘laugh‘ but also these bottles are legally available alongside those ‘legal highs’…..

UPDATE: Lambeth Council bans laughing gas as recreational drug


Books

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Amazon Price: $12.95 (as of December 4, 2016 2:49 pm - Details) Product prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on the Amazon site at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.
Format: Paperback


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If the problem regarding illegal drug addiction is difficult enough to solve, how much more if you are to deal with problems regarding legal drugs that imitate the effects of illegal drugs?
This book will introduce you to legal high addiction and what it is about. After that, we will also provide you with the things that can be done if you or somebody you love has been addicted to legal highs. We will give an in-depth discussion on how to get over the grueling first three days, and provide you with easy-to-follow practices to stay drug-free for the rest of your life. This guide has the advantage of being completely anonymous, so nobody has to know the struggle you are going through. This will aid you in overcoming your problem without the shame of having to tell someone about it. The guide will cover what Legal Highs are, different categories of Legal Highs, the intake methods and the risks associated with taking them. It will then advise you on how to break an addiction to them and stay free for good.


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Format: Kindle Edition

THIS BOOK IS BOTH INNOVATIVE AND INSIGHTFUL.

IT RAISES THE POSSIBILITY, IF NOT THE LIKELIHOOD, THAT THE 'WAR ON DRUGS' CANNOT BE WON WITHOUT RADICAL CHANGES TO HOW SOCIETY LOOKS AT, AND DEALS WITH, THE ISSUES OF DRUG USE AND ABUSE.

IT ASTONISHINGLY ILLUMINATES THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE CURRENT DRUG LAW POLICIES, AND THEIR DIRECT IMPACT ON MANY OF YOUR OWN DAILY PURCHASES.

THE AUTHOR'S INSIGHTS IN THIS FIELD SHOULD BE REQUIRED READING FOR ALL THOSE TASKED WITH TRYING TO SOLVE SOCIETY'S, APPARENTLY INSATIABLE, DEMAND FOR ILLICIT DRUGS.


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Format: Kindle Edition

The flip side of wanting Ty to be more like his father was that somehow she didn’t think it would be nearly as easy for her to tell Mr. Wright no.Katie is the preacher's youngest girl, and she tries hard to be good no matter how difficult it is becoming to say no to her boyfriend Ty. When his patience runs out and he dumps her and humiliates her the young girl is devastated.

But there is someone else who has been watching this drama unfold. Evan Wright is ten times the man his son is, and he's determined to go where Ty never could. Can Katie say no to the man who is better than his son in every way, or will Evan be the one who claims the innocence of the preacher's last girl?

Follow along with Katie’s sisters as they experience their own first times in the other stories of The Preacher’s Virgin Daughters
1a. Taking Kelsey / 1b. Busting Kelsey
2a. Sharing Lindsay / 2b. Pleasuring Lindsay
3a. Arousing Brandi / 3b. Awakening Brandi
4a. Punishing Shelbie / 4b. Possessing Shelbie
5. Disciplining Avery
6. Nailing Katie


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